------ THE FUNDAMENTAL PROBLEMS OF WESTERN METAPHYSICS by Xavier Zubiri ---------------- Index (G-J) ------



INDEX


G
Galileo, 85, 305
Ganze, 250, 268
Garve, Ch., 207
Gegenstand, 193, 203
Geist, 266
generation
---act of individual g., 314
---dialectic g. through concepts, 325
---g. and corruption of animals, 34
---motion of g. and corruption, 34
general
---g. metaphysics, 174, 293
---g. metaphysics as absolute science, 294
genus/genera
---supreme genera, 88-89
Genesis, 75, 104
génesis toîs oûsi, 43
genie, evil, 131
geometry
---g. of motion, 171
---non-Archimedean g., 86
---g. is not science of continuous quantity, 86
---non-continuative gg., 86
Geschichte, 310
Gespenst, 252
Gestalt, 263
Gewissheit, 255
gigantomachía perì tês ousías, 51, 67
---g. through eínaî in all affirmations, 51-52
given
---characteristic of object of the g., 202
---concept beyond something g., 194
---knowledge beyond something g., 217
---corporeity and cogitation are g., 217
---g. things, 195
---intelligibility of the g., 202
---what is g. in sensing, 329
---g. object, 203, 213
---objects with conditions for being something g., 220
---objects g. in individual concretion, 190
---principle of intelligibility of the g., 203
---a priori syntheis of the g. and categories, 225
---types of the g., 213
Glückseligkeit, 232
God
---free act of the will of G., 146, 243
---analogy in G., 114
---willful acquiescence of G. to the maximum of possible being, 176
---ascension to G., 244
---atributes of G., 141
---entified attributes of G., 144
---first cause is G. creator, 83
---creative causality of G., 106
---science of vision in G., 176, 302
---transcendental conceptivation of man as image of G., 173
---apt concept of G., 161
---entifying concepts not attributable to God., 108
---consciousness of G., 316
---concretion of G. as Creator, 249
---conditions that make G. to be intelligible, 243
---knowledge of G., 190
---creation by G., 142-143
---creator of G., 243
---creature of G., 179
---free creature of G., 203
---G. arranges monads with a preestablished harmony, 171
---G. as a potter, 75
---G. as author of what is perceived clearly and distinctly, 148
---G. as author of the objective order of reason, 142
---G. as cause of the transcendental order, 107, 109
---G. as efficient cause, 73
---G. as first cause is hyper-being, 111
---G. as object of religious acts, 80
---G. as quiddity, 114
---G. as auto-sufficient reality, 71
---G. as res, 114
---G. as ultimate creative cause, 142
---G. Creator, 83, 99, 111, 115, 123, 183
---G. of Aristotle, 62, 71-74
---G. of St. Thomas is not the G. of Aristotle, 80, 106
---G. in the soul, 340
---G. is ante-being, 108
---G. is profundens first cause, 96
---G. is cause that produces, 106
---G. is cause that trans-fundaments being and differences, 104
---G. is ultimate and supreme cause, 98
---G. is universal first cause, 103
---G. is fieri, 317
---G. is extrinsic end to things, 106
---G. is hyper-being, 110
---G. is supreme substance, 79
---G. is beyond transcendental order, 109
---G. is beyond every creature, 107
---infinite G., 72
---intelligent and volitional G., 238
---G. moves as object of love, 62, 73
---G. is not something, 114
---G. is not another something, 114
---G. has not made the world, 35, 62, 106
---G. has no relationship with the world, 73
---G. provokes the motion of the world, 62, 65, 106
---G. as transcendent, 107
---gg. are separated substances, 79
---the volitional happiness of G. consists in autosufficiency, 72
---beings through G., 109
---being of G., 109
---essence of G., 142
---spirit of G., 294, 318
---existence of G., 233, 236, 241
---existence of G. proven by ontological argument, 141
---exposition of the spirit of G., 290
---fieri of G., is autofieri, 317
---image of G., 175, 177, 181
---intelligibility of G., 241
---internal condition of akíneton of G., 72
---interpretation of G., 112
---intervention of G., 64
---investigation about G., 23
---free creature of G., 150
---free creatures of G., 179
---what the transcendental of G. is, 166
---logos of G., 71
---light of G.,
---moment of G., 106
---objective order is something created by G., 142, 148
---reality of G., 167, 243
---being of G. emerges from his reality, 115
---simple intelligence of G., 176
---transcendence of G., 106, 109, 111
---transcendentality of G., 241
---uniqueness of G. as cause, 244
---unity of G. and things, 249
---verum transcendentale of G., 241
---will of G., 141-142
---truthful will of G., 145
Gödel, 160
good
---the good as values, 91
---cause of supreme g., 241
---cause of supreme g. of the will, 232
---idea of g., 287
---object of morality is not supreme g., 241
goodness
---order of g., 95
---g. is transcendental characteristic of being, 95
---maximum g., 181
---greater entity has greater g., 168, 181
---reality of g., 241
Greece, 13-16, 39, 74, 276
Greek
---concretion of G. thought, 40
---entity of numbers and figures discovered by G. philosophers, 63
---era of the G., 327
---G. philosophy, 39, 43, 53, 67, 276
---history of G. philosophy, 33
---G. men, 76
---G. Fathers, 111
---ideas of the G. world, 15
---G. ideas, 77
---logos with numbers for the G., 30
---logos not empty of content in the G. world, 276
---G. mind, 15, 35
---metaphysics of the G., 14
---G. metaphysics, 68-69, 76
---modification of G. concepts in the West, 16
---G. world, 15-16, 30, 34-35, 41-42, 71-72, 74-75, 77, 84, 112, 276, 304
---origins of G. philosophy, 29, 55
---G. thought, 14, 60, 305
---G. tradition, 271
---Hegelian version of G. concepts, 276
Gründe, 242


H
Hamilton, 171
Hammurabi, 327
Handlung, 199
happiness
---cause of h., 234
---volitive h. of God consists in autosufficiency, 72
---achieving h., 234
having
---entifying characteristic of h. and saying, 104
---h. reality, 104
hâyâh, 104
Hegel, 33, 37, 46, 66, 185, 245-319, 323-326, 329, 344
Hegelian
---apprehension of H. thought, 296
---H. ascension is not synthesis, 287
---H. dialectic, 283, 285-287
---H. idea of concept, 256
---dialectic motion of H. thought, 288
---H. thought, 306
---H. version of Greek concepts, 276
Heidegger, 34-35, 39, 90-91, 339
Heiligkeit, 232
hén, 117
---hén tò ón, 170
Henry of Ghent, 160
Heraclitus, 44-45
hervorbringen, 190
Herz, M., 207
highest
---cause of h. good will, 232
---Highest Entity, 149
---highest entity, 117, 149
history
---concept of h., 314
---creations of h., 312
---philosophy of h., 314-315
---objective form of h., 311
---h. as quasi-creation, 313
---h. contained virtualiter in Adam, 313
---h. of philosophy, 37, 91, 262, 285, 294, 299, 329, 335
---h. of Greek philosophy, 33
---h. of metaphysics, 76, 97, 108, 124, 168, 170, 322-323, 345
---h. of western metaphysics, 82
---h. of western thought, 123
---h. of religions, 12
---universal h., 316
---intellectual sediment of h., 319
---télos of h., 314
---totality of h., 313
---grandiose vision of h., 314
historical
---h. continuity, 14
---h. dialectic, 311-312
---h. individualities, 309
---h. reason, 312
hodós tes aletheías, 129
Holy Trinity, 191
Homer, 74
horizon
---h. of creation, 35, 118, 247-249
---h. of creationality, 99, 105, 112
---h. of creatureliness, 99
---h. of finitude, 249
---h. of motion, 34-35, 43-44, 53, 64-65, 68, 77, 99
---h. of nothingness, 35, 77-78, 97-100, 105, 121, 124-126, 141, 149, 151-152, 177-178, ---180, 183, 188, 193, 248-249, 318
---theologic h., 77
human
---adequation to h. intellect, 120
---analytic of h. understanding, 209
---apperception of h. perception, 162
---science of h. knowledge, 219
---h. sciences constitute wisdom, 126
---conceptive conception of h. understanding, 83
---h. body, 332
---h. understanding, 119, 202, 207-208, 217, 222, 224
---h. species, 35, 87, 93, 332
---h. spirit, 162, 217, 303
---intuiting structure of h. spirit, 303
---course of h. events has a final goal, 311
---finitude of h. reason, 189-190, 273, 293
---idea of h. intelligence, 28
---h. intellection, 28
---h. intellect, 118-119, 121, 183
---h. intelligence, 28, 125, 135, 139, 178, 191, 202-203, 212
---h. intuition, 190
---h. freedom, 104
---limitatons of h. intellection, 22
---manifestation of h. reason as form of conscience, 293
---h. monad, 173
---h. organism, 335
---peculiar condition of h. reason, 175
---first principles of h. reason, 174, 184
---h. reason, 163, 185-188, 191, 193-194, 243, 246, 274
---h. reason is conscience, 273
---h. wisdom, 126
---h. sensibility, 332
---h. sensing, 335
---h. sunjectum, 193
---h. volition, 241
---h. will, 176, 227
Hume, 197
Husserl, 90, 336
hyper-entifying
---h. entity, 109
---h. interpretation, 111
hyper-entity
---God as first cause is h., 111
---God is h., 110
hyper-transcendental
---metaphysics as h. anthropology, 177
hypo-keímenon, 34, 59-61, 192
hypóthesis, 286


I
I
---action of the “I”, 204
---transcendental characteristic of the I, 147
---certainty of the thinking I as fundament, 140
---certainties of the I, 265
---concretion of the acts of the I, 265
---control of the I, 265
---uncertainty of the I, 180
---reality of the I, 136
---thinking I, 205
---rational I, 162
“I think” (Sp. “pienso”)
---characteristic of certainty of the “I think”, 134
---incontrovertible characteristic of the intuition of the “I think”, 134
Ich denke, 204
id, 92, 101
idea
---Aristotle is friend of ii., 56
---assent the will grants to ii., 149
---automorphism consists in reality of i., 295
---absolute characteristic of ii., 287
---clarity and distinctiveness of i. for Leibniz, 154-155, 180
---concretion of idea mediated by alienation, 315
---conditions of i. for an apt concept, 156
---knowledge of ii., 286
---content of i. represents what is objective of thing, 152
---objective content of i., 154
---creation of i. of ars combinatoria, 172
---Descartes slips on the proper condition for the i., 180
---dialectic development of i., 33
---determination of i., 296
---dialectic of i., 300
---dialectic of separated ii., 325
---absolute i., 308
---Aristotelian i. of aporía in Hegel, 294
---i. as occurrence towards concretion, 296
---i. as possibility, 154
---i. of soul, 218, 220, 239
---i. of soul is immanent to knowledge, 219
---i. of analogy, 89
---i. of the good, 287
---i. of causality, 223
---i. of causality is a property of intelligibility, 208-209
---i. of Creation, 76, 100, 112, 177,
---i. of temporal determination, 223
---i. of diaphaneity, 34
---i. of God, 80, 136, 181, 218
---i. of ens, 35
---i. of entity, 68, 83, 86-88, 90, 99, 115, 136, 161, 177-178, 323
---i. of Hegel, 293
---i. of intelligence, 329
---i. of human intelligence, 28
---i. of intentionality, 336
---i. of limitation, 50
---i. of the diaphaneous, 20
---i. of the possible, 323
---i. of the sameness of being, 50
---i. of world, 15, 218
---i. of nothing, 35
---i. of nature, 34
---i. of ón, 35, 49
---i. of principle, 50
---i. of providence, 311
---i. of sensing, 329
---i. of being, 34, 49, 69, 135
---i. of always, 68
---i. of substance, 59
---i. of universal teleology, 311
---i. in itself and for itself, 315
---i. in its being other, 301
---Hegelian i. of concept, 256
---intuiting i., 301-302
---i. of the toû agathoû, 287
---transcendental i. of experience, 215
---transcendental i. of monads, 172
---transfundamenting i. of creative causality, 105
---i./ii. of things, 28, 152
---divine i./ii., 119, 144
---clear and distinct i./ii., 151-152
---ii. as ultimate, radical and essential configurations of reality, 49
---ii. as problematic termini of the ideal constitution of things, 287
---ii. of Aristotle, 90-91, 177
---ii. of the Greek world, 15
---fundamental ii. of Leibniz, 180
---Greek ii., 77
---Indian ii., 13
---metaphysical ii., 12
---regulative ii. are not constitutive of things, 219
---dialectic stepping march of i., 300
---Cartesian moment of i., 154
---world of ii., 50
---new i. of world and man, 15
---supreme reason of ii., 287
---reality of i., 295
---realization of i., 118, 305
idealism
---concept of i., 300
---i. of Hegel, 318
idealist
---i. philosophy, 252
Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und phänomenologischen Philosophie, 90
identity
---philosophy of i., 270
---i. of being there now, 135
---i. of object, 265
---i. of transcendental order, 174
---i. between certainty and truth, 255, 266, 293
---formal i., 17, 46, 66, 165
---logical i., 135
---material i., 17
---dead i., 266
---unitary i., 255
---empty i., 165, 270
---moment of i., 66, 293
---principle of i., 174
---reason for i. of thing, 255
ídion, 56n
image
---transcendental conception of man as i. of God, 173
---i. of God, 175, 177, 181
---i. of man, 177
---i. of divine reason, 163, 187, 243
imperative
---cause of categorical i., 241-242
---conditions of coincidence in categorical i., 234
---conditions of intelligibility of moral i., 234
---factum of i., 231
---categorical i., 227, 234, 238
---categorical i. supported by incontrovertible fact, 229
---categorical i. is constitutive of morality, 229
---categorical i. is an unconditioned fact, 226
---i. of the moral, 227
---i. of reason, 234
---moral i., 232-233, 240
---categorical moral i., 242
---objective i., 233
impression
---act of i. of reality, 336
---unitary act of i. of reality, 336
---to be affected in the i., 330
---content with formality of i. of reality, 222
---sensitive contents of the i. in man, 222
---i. as affection of the subject, 221, 330, 333
---i. of otherness, 332
---i. of content, 332
---i. of reality, 332, 344-345
---i. of reality in otherness, 222
---i. of reality transcends specific content, 345
---subsidiary impression, 219
---sensitive ii., 332-333
---first ii., 222
---intuition in i., 330
---moment of otherness in i., 221, 331-332
---momen of i. of reality, 345
In Aristotelis libros Peri Hermeneias, 96n, 104n
In Metaphysica, 80n-82n
in re, 204
“In Regard to the Problem of God” (En torno al problema de Dios), 107n
inheritance
---i. of Descartes, 180
---i. of Leibniz, 66, 217
---Platonic i., 56
indefinite
---the i. is origin for Anaximander, 43
---principle is i. for Anaximander, 42ff
---i. principle, 44
independent
---i. being, 57-58
---i. substances, 192
India, 11-13
Indian
---I. ideas, 13
---I. metaphysics, 12-13
---I. world, 16
---I. thought, 12-13, 29
individual
---act of i. generation, 314
---i. characteristics, 84
---i. man, 34
---historical individualities, 309
---i. interest, 314
---i. singular notes, 86
---objects given in i. concretion, 190
Individualität, 304
individual
---accidentality of ii., 313
---ii. are accidents, 313
---objective spirit not the result of ii., 309
infinite
---i. God, 72
---i. entity, 136, 161
---i. perfection, 106
---i. forces, 169
---perfect i. res, 106
---i. life, 234
infinitude
---dialectic conformation of i. of reason, 318
---dialectic of i., 300
---dialectic of i. of absolute spirit, 299
immanent
---i. fact, 235
---idea of soul is i. to knowledge, 219
---i. metaphysics, 217, 221, 235-236
---i. metaphysics of spirit, 240
---i. metaphysics of nature, 240
immortality
---i. of soul, 233-234, 236, 238
intellection
---act of i., 293
---act of sentient i., 335, 338-339
---unitary act of sentient i., 339
---confused i., 157, 330
---i. of diaphaneity, 28
---i. of man, 222
---intellection of intellection, 72
---divine i., 163, 178, 183
---finite i., 179
---i. “towards”, 342
---human i., 22, 186, 192
---originating i., 184
---full i., 330
---sentient i., 222, 336, 345
---true i., 98, 113
---limitations of human i., 22
---mere i., 237
---problem of the type of i., 345
---types of i., 302
intellective
---i. act, 238
---i. act is constitutive act, 340
---i. apprehension of things, 27
---i. apprehension of diaphaneity, 27
---essence of i. act, 336
---i. firmness, 137
---i. mind, 119
---modes of i. sensing, 341
---i. potency, 159
---i. predicates, 236
---reality in i. act, 222, 339, 344
---i. residue, 238
---i. sensing, 339-342
intellect
---adequation to human i., 120
---adequation with divine i., 120
---coincidence of i. and things, 118
---conformity with divine i., 120
---constitution of natural thing between two ii., 120
---finite angelic i., 118
---i. of our soul, 22
---divine i., 73, 145, 163, 176, 190
---finite i., 119, 178-179
---human i., 118-119121, 183
---originating i., 192
intellectual
---i. activity, 252
---rational and i. apprehension of the absolute, 230
---rational and i. apprehension of the all, 250
---i. knowledge, 30
---duality in the i. conditions of categories, 224
---i. function, 28
---i. initiation to philosophy, 319
---i. intuition, 191
---i. monads, 173
---i. organon, 15
---i. possibilities, 15
---prolongation of i. and transcendental constitution of the order of experience, 220
---intelligible and i. representation, 256
---i. representations, 256
---i. revivification, 319
---i. sediment of all history, 319
---terminus of i. act, 256
---unity of i. cognition, 243
intelligence
---act of i., 237
---elemental act of i., 334
---exclusive act of i., 334
---radical act of i., 334
---apprehension of things as realities by i., 334
---apprehension of entity by i., 328
---apprehension of reality by act of i., 334, 336
---science of simple i., 161, 176
---concept of sentient i., 335
---specific contents of i. and sensing, 336
---diaphaneity is the unity between i. and clarity, 28
---difficult apprehension of i., 128
---i. and being are the same, 45
---idea of i., 329
---idea of human i., 28
---uncertainty of i., 188
---uncertainty of i. and reason, 323
---conceptivizing i., 324
---creative i., 178
---i. of Christ, 95
---i. of man, 121
---divine i., 120, 139, 164, 176, 178, 237-238
---human i., 28, 125, 135, 139, 178, 191, 202-203, 212
---i. not only apprehends content, 343
---thinking i., 139
---i. can be everything “that is”, 67
---sentient i., 329, 334, 336, 341-345
---finite ii., 145
---the essential of i. is logos, 328
--- “that which is” from the point of view of i., 68
---meditation on i., 128
---for viewing by i., 84
---operation of i. (noús), 327
---order of divine i., 164
---dawn of i., 334
---problem of i., 327
---reason rests upon conceptivizing i., 327
---reality of i., 66, 271
---simple i., 302
---simple i. of God, 176
---turning of i. beyond the present, 342
intelligibility
---to accuse mode of i., 208
---transcendental characteristic of i., 201
---characteristics of i., 210
---categories are forms of the i. of the object, 208
---coincidence not founded on the i. of the real, 145
---concept of causality belongs to order of i., 230
---condition of i. determined by reason, 245
---conditions of i. of moral imperative, 234
---conditions of i. of transcendental freedom, 233
---conditions that make possible the i. of the object, 201, 206, 210
---conversion of i. with entity, 254
---a priori determination of i., 246
---dimension/s of i., 209, 245
---idea of causality is a property of i., 208-209
---a priori i. of the real, 145
---absolute i., 246
---conceptual i. of freedom, 236
---i. of set of sensations and perceptions, 216
---i. of things, 209, 222
---i. of God, 241
---i. of entity, 146
---i. of the given, 202
---i. of object, 201, 205, 208, 211-212
---objective i., 205
---constitutive moments of i., 239-240
---order of i., 230
---order of objectual i., 202, 212
---Kantian transcendental order is constitution of i. of object, 211-212
---principle of i., 209
---principle of i., of the given, 203
---rupture of i., 244
---unity of i., 244
---true principle of i., 245
intelligible
---i. quantity of mathematics, 85
---causality in i. order, 229
---free causality in i. order constitutes person, 231
---conditions that make that God may be i., 243
---things are i. not by intrinsic condition of entity, 146
---i. determination, 227
---i. in itself, 227
---i. intuition, 191
---freedom is form of i. causality, 229
---i. matter, 303
---practical metaphysics of i. order, 239
---i. world, 227-228, 242
---i. object, 203
---i. order, 228-229, 231, 239
---i. reality, 240
---i. and intellectual representation, 256
intellectualize
---to i. formally, 333
intellectualized
---actualization of what has been i., 336
---i. reality, 343
intellection
---constitutive act of i., 340
---act of i., 333
---primary talent for i., 327
---function of i., 201
---sentient i. not primarily intentional, 336
---sentient i., 339
intellective
---impression of reality is i., 336
---essence of i. act is actualization, 336
---i. sensing, 340
intellectus, 324, 326-328
---i. concipiens, 324, 326
---i. originarius, 119
---i. quaerens, 343
intelligenda, 96, 240
intentionality
---idea of i., 336
interest
---speculative i., 283, 343
---individual i., 314
---practical i., 343
internal
---i. dialectic of objective spirit, 309
---i. and objective dialectic of reason, 323
---i. structure of transcendental order, 268
---i. structure of reason, 240, 270, 274
---i. position, 301
---i. and structural dialectic, 308
---i. cleverness of reason, 314
---i. motor of thinking, 279
---i. motion of concept, 272
---i. motion of logos, 279
---i. motion reason, 326
---i. notes, 168
---i. sensibility, 216-217
---totality of i. experience, 218, 221
---i. unity, 93, 159, 280, 324
---i. life of concepts, 261, 266
---i. life of reason, 274
interpretation
---i. of God, 112
---i. of entity, 102
---entifying i. of creative cause, 105
---entifying i. of creationality, 116, 123
---hyper-entifying i., 111
---metaphysical i., 173
intueri, 134, 329
intuition
---incontrovertible characteristic of the i. of “I think”, 134
---facts of i., 304
---i. of being, 191
---i. of will, 231
---divine i., 190
---empirical i., 213-214, 221, 224, 241
---i. as only affective and sensible, 191
---i. in the impression, 330
---human i., 190
---intellectual i., 191
---intelligible i., 191
---first and elemental i., 329
---pure i., 303
---sensible i., 191-192, 194, 213-214
---moment of i., 330
---object of i., 303
intuit, 191, 301
intuitive
---characteristic of reality of i. act, 134
---i. form, 331
intuitus, 132-134, 179, 190
---i. originans, 184
---i. originarius, 183-185
intuiting
---i. structure of human spirit, 303
---i. idea, 301-302
---i. reason, 304
investigation
---i. of entity, 83
---i. of nature, 81, 242
---i. about God, 23
---i. about reason connects with absolute reason, 274
---i. about being, 34
Ipsum esse subsistens, 109-110, 114-116, 298
irrational
---i. number, 86
---i. sentiment, 236
Israelites, 75
Itinerarium mentis in Deum, 23n, 77
itself, himself, herself (Sp. sí mismo / a)
---access of man to himself is condition of his reality, 135
---first cause in itself, 108
---thing in itself or things in themselves, 184-185, 187, 198, 201, 206, 209, 219, 228
---things with end in themselves, 55
---entry of spirit into itself, 307
---spirit as concept of itself, 267
---spirit to be there inside itself, 307
---to be there from itself, 56
---to be itself, 57, 299


J
jectum, 193
Jesuit, 173
choristé ousía, 79
choristón, 57, 63
John Scotus Eriugena, 108n
judging
---j. dimension, 206
---j. thought, 202
judgement
---absence of contradiction is not attribute of j., 156
---quantity of j., 209
---classical scheme of j., 259
---structure of j., 209
---a priori j., 207
---synthetic a priori jj., 197, 223
---transcendental jj., 197
judging
---synthetic action of j., 210
---objective structure of j., 205
---function of j., 194, 201, 205-206
---j. does not consist in analyzing concepts, 194



--- Next section: Index (K-N) ---